Non-Communicable Disease

Riley County Health Department's disease surveillance, investigation and control activities are not limited to only infectious diseases. Health department staff investigate and educate about non-communicable diseases including rabies, elevated blood lead, and carbon monoxide poisoning.


Rabies is a zoonotic disease that affects the nervous system. Humans can get rabies through the bite of an infected animal. Rabies is nearly 100% fatal if untreated. For more information, including data and statistics about rabies in Riley County, visit our Rabies page. 

Elevated Blood Lead

Lead is a naturally-occurring metal found throughout the environment, including in dirt. The most common source of exposure to lead in children is lead-based paint. Older homes (built before 1978), along with old pipes, lead pellets from guns, some imported cosmetics, and some imported pottery are all potential sources for lead exposure. Most adult exposures to lead are work-related. The most common routes of exposure to lead are through ingestion and inhalation. Elevated blood lead levels has negative impacts on both children and adults. 

EPA Lead H2O

For more detailed information on blood lead, including ways to reduce risk of exposure, materials for clinicians and parents, visit the RCHD Health Education and Outreach page. 

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide (CJustboilers-carbon-monoxide-poisoningO) is a colorless, odorless gas created as a byproduct of fossil fuel burning (gasoline, wood, coal, natural gas, oil, and methane). In the home, heating and cooking equipment can produce carbon monoxide. Suspected cases of carbon monoxide poisoning are are investigated by Kansas Department of Health & Environment (KDHE) staff. Signs and symptoms of CO poisoning include: fatigue, headache, dizziness, and nausea. 

The Office of the State Fire Marshall has a program, Get Alarmed KS, to educate and install smoke alarms in people's homes. 

Carbon Monoxide Fact Sheet (pdf)

Disease Reporting 

Some non-communicable diseases, including those listed above, are reportable to public health officials in the state of Kansas. A full list of reportable diseases can be found by clicking on this link: KS Notifiable Disease Form and List (pdf). 

To report diseases, contact the health department's 24/7 number for notifiable/reportable disease and public health emergencies: 785-317-0474