Except for motor vehicles, personal property taxes are the responsibility of the owner of record on January 1 of each year.
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By law, all property in this state, not expressly exempt, is subject to taxation. [K.S.A. 79-101]
It provides funding for local services such as roads, parks, and fire protection.
All personal property, except certain motor vehicles and commercial/industrial machinery and equipment, is appraised at "market value" as of the first day of January each year.
Article 11, Section 1 of The Kansas Constitution provides that: Tangible personal property shall be classified into six subclasses and assessed uniformly by subclass at the following assessment percentages:
State-assessed and beyond the scope of this publication. Information in this publication does not apply to state assessed property. This classification is only applicable to non-highway titled motor vehicles and motor vehicles operated over 12,000 pounds on public roads. Motor vehicles operated under 12,000 pounds on public roads and "recreational vehicles" are appraised, assessed and taxed pursuant to statue (Kansas 79-5100 series).
By law, the county appraiser is responsible for listing and valuing property in a uniform and equal manner. The appraiser determines the appropriate value of the property within the county.
Owners of personal property are required by law to list their property as of the first day of January each year with the county appraiser.
KSA 79-303 states "Every person, association, company or corporation who owns or holds, subject to his or her control, any taxable personal property is required by law to list the property for assessment." See Chart
By law, every person, association, company, or corporation required to list property must personally sign the rendition. In addition, if a tax preparer completes the rendition, the preparer must also sign and certify that the information is true and correct. [K.S.A. 79-306]
K.S.A. 79-306 requires all taxable personal property to be listed, by the taxpayer, on a rendition (also referred to as a 'statement of personal property') and filed with the county appraiser on or before March 15th of each year, or the next following business day, if such date falls on a day other than a regular business day.
The county appraiser may extend the March 15th deadline if the taxpayer submits a request in writing, stating just and adequate reasons for the extension, and is received by the county appraiser on or before the March 15th due date, April 1st for oil and gas renditions. (K.S.A. 79-1422, K.S.A. 79-332a, and K.S.A. 79-1457)
By law, all tangible personal property subject to taxation must be listed and assessed as of the first day of January each year in the name of the owner. Individuals, companies and corporations that own or have tangible personal property subject to their control on January 1st, must list the property with the county appraiser on or before March 15th. When March 15th falls on a day other than a regular business day, the first business day following the deadline is considered timely. [K.S.A. 79-301, 79-303, 79-306, 79-1457] If personal property is not listed or if a rendition is untimely filed, the county appraiser is required by law to apply any applicable penalties. These penalties are set forth in K.S.A. 79-1422 and K.S.A. 79-1427(a) as follows: View Chart
If a taxpayer fails or refuses to file a rendition or, if the rendition filed does not truly represent all the property, the county appraiser has the duty to investigate, identify, list and value such property in an effort to achieve uniformity and equality. (K.S.A. 79-1411(b) and K.S.A. 79-1461) NOTE: To avoid incurring state mandated penalties, renditions must be filed by the deadline date. Counties have no authority to abate, waive, or refund the penalty mandated by K.S.A. 79-1422. Only the Board of Tax Appeals has the authority to abate, waive, or refund the penalty.
The county appraiser determines the value of personal property using publications and valuation guides prescribed by the State Division of Property Valuation as required by state law. [K.S.A 79-1456]
Personal property valued at market value does not necessarily depreciate each year. Typically, personal property valued with a formula driven value will depreciate each year, or until a minimum value is reached.
If a property value goes up, it does not necessarily mean the taxes will increase. Likewise, if a property value goes down or does not change, it does not automatically mean the taxes will decrease or remain the same.
Changes in property taxes are based in large part on how much the local government decides to spend on services each year. If values overall go up but local spending remains the same, the mill levy (tax rate) should be lower and therefore have little effect on the tax bill.
Notices of value for personal property are sent to the owner by May 1 each year. [K.S.A. 79-1460]
There are two ways property owners may challenge or "appeal" their personal property values.
1) The "notice of value" may be appealed by contacting the county appraiser's office by May 15th to schedule an informal meeting with an appraiser. [K.S.A. 79-1448]
2) After receiving the tax statement, the owner may file a "payment under protest" form with the county treasurer at the time the taxes are paid. If all the taxes are paid prior to December 20th, the protest can be made no later than December 20th (or by January 31st if the taxes are paid from an escrow account or by a tax service). [K.S.A. 79-2005] Taxpayers can NOT appeal the notice of value AND pay the taxes under protest for the same property in the same tax year. [K.S.A. 79-2005(b)]
The appraiser will demonstrate how the appraised value was determined for the property. The property owner should present information and documentation to support the value he or she believes should be on the property. The appraiser will review and evaluate all information and documentation presented at the hearing. A "hearing result letter" with the appraiser's final determination of value will be mailed to the property owner. If the owner is still not satisfied with the appraised value, he or she may further appeal to the State Board of Tax Appeals. [K.S.A. 79-1448, 79-2005]
The appraised value of the property is multiplied by the assessment rate (determined by the personal property subclass) for the assessed value. The assessed value is then multiplied by the mill levy (tax rate) for the tax unit where the property was located as of the assessment date (January 1). That figure is divided by 1,000 for the full year property tax amount.
Example: To calculate the property tax on personal property with an appraised value of $5,000: Appraised Value 5,000 x Assessment Rate *30% = Assessed Value 1,500 x Mill Levy 126.635 / 1000 = Property Tax $189.95. * 30% is the assessment rate for property in the "motor vehicle" or "other" subclass of personal property. ** 126.635 is the 2001 Manhattan city mill levy.
The mill levy is the tax rate that is applied to the assessed value of the property.
In general terms, the mill levy is computed by dividing the dollars needed for local services by the taxable assessed value in the service area.
In addition, the Unified School Districts of Kansas levy 20 mills for the school general fund. Capital outlay and local option budgets are levied as necessary.
After the local government budgets are published and meetings are completed in August of each year, the county clerk computes the final mill levies for each tax unit and certifies the tax roll to the county treasurer for collection.
Property is not prorated on the tax roll when acquired and is not prorated off the tax roll when disposed of (K.A S. 79-309). The only exceptions to this are for motor vehicles and when taxable property becomes exempt or exempt property becomes taxable.
Yes, if you close your business or sell all of your taxable personal property you must file a form the following year so we can remove you from the tax roll. The Appraisal Office cannot remove property from the tax roll without a signature on file from a taxpayer verifying that the property is no longer owned by them.
The full amount or the first half of the taxes for personal property assessed on the tax roll is due by December 20th each year. The second half of the taxes are due by May 10th of the following year.
If the first half of the personal property taxes are not paid by December 20th, then the full amount becomes due immediately and you no longer have the option of paying the second half by May 10th.
Taxes for motor vehicles that are registered with a tag weight of 12,000 pounds or less and taxes for Kansas RV titled recreational vehicles, are due in full at time of registration or renewal. [K.S.A. 79-5107, 5119]
Whenever the aggregate amount of tax owed for tangible personal property by any taxpayer is less than $5, the tax is cancelled and no personal property tax statement is issued. This applies only to the tax amount due, not the value of the personal property. [K.S.A. 79-344]
The county appraiser can answer taxpayer's questions concerning the classification and valuation of property. The county treasurer can answer questions about a tax bill or tax payment. The county clerk can answer questions regarding mill levies (tax rates) for taxing districts (tax units).